|Russian Revolution's Forum|
Modernization of Russia
Holy Russia - Third Rome
The new subject of international law, the State Holy Russia - Third Rome, 21.09.2013.
Nova Church of Holy Russia
Orthodoxy and Christianity require reforming and release of heresy and obscurantism. 21.09.2011.
Synchronization of historical and religious Chronicles New!!!
The author correctly synchronizes historical and religious Chronicles of the Ancient World based on a short chronology and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in the annals and Scriptures. The author believes that discrepancies in dates, geographical localities and ethnic origin of historical and religious figures are due to erroneous traditional chronology and historical geography, as well as the deliberate adaptation of phenomena and events to an established paradigm. 20.04–25.05.2020.
Astronomical dating of Biblical events New!!!
The author's reconstruction of the history and chronology of religions is fully verified by identifying 15 celestial phenomena described in the Chronicles, including 11 Solar Eclipses, 3 Zodiacs and 1 Supernova. A chronological shift of 1780 years in the history of Ancient Egypt has been confirmed for 6 phenomena, including 3 Solar Eclipses and 3 Zodiacs, including the Eclipse of Pharaoh Takelot on August 8, 891. Astronomically confirmed the date of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ as March 18, 1010, and the date of death of Ibrahim – the son of the Prophet Muhammad as February 7, 1152 (28 Shawwal 546 AH). 20.02–31.03.2020.
Origin of the gens Rurik New!!!
After the break of ties between the metropolis and the Russian principalities, the annals of Byzantium were cleared of the mention of "foreigners" in the management of the Empire, and the Chronicles of Russia did not have time to properly reflect the role of Rurik in world history. A study of the sources of Ancient Rome, New Rome, Russia, Arab countries, Danube and Volga Bulgaria allowed the author to identify the Russ gens and Bulgarian Khagans with the Flavian dynasty, as well as to identify Rurik, his descendants and relatives from the Macedonian dynasty (IX–XI century) and dynasty of Lecapenus (X century). The last Russian Emperor of New Rome been Yaroslav the Wise, throne name Constantine Monomachos. 11.09–21.10.2019.
Chronology of monotheistic religions New!!!
The author identified the Patriarchs of monotheism with well-known figures of human history. He proved that the oldest religion of monotheism is Christianity, which had a theoretical character in the I Millennium (Old Testament Christianity) and a practical embodiment at the beginning of the II Millennium (New Testament Christianity). Islam and Judaism emerged only in the early VII century and became radical branches of Christianity. Based on the study of solar eclipses, the author has determined the date and place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (March 18, 1010 in Constantinople), the year of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (1152) and the period creation of the Quran (1130–1152). 01–27.08.2019.
Localization of Ancient Rome New!!!
The history of Ancient Rome is well studied, but hides a lot of inconsistencies and contradictions relating to the period of formation of the city and the expansion of the Romans into the world. We believe that the problems are caused by ignorance of the true localization of Ancient Rome in the Volga region on Akhtuba until the Fire on 64 and move city to location of Veii in Italy. The article also considers the aspects of ethnic origin of the peoples of the Latin League, Ancient Rome and Europe. The vector of expansion of Ancient Rome from the Volga region to the Europe coinciding with the migration flows of the Migration Period and the spread of PIE is substantiated. In addition the article considers the dynamics of growth and decline of the population of Ancient Rome in the localities from its inception to sunset and transformation. 23.06–16.07.2019.
Short chronology of Ancient Egypt New!!!
The history of Ancient Egypt generated in XIX century, every day finds out all greater discrepancy to modern realities both the newest archeological and tool data, including results of DNA researches of mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs. The chronology of Egypt as whole is considered well investigated and however it has been created for substantiation of an antiquity of Jewish people, instead of for scientific description of one of most ancient terrestrial civilizations. Author's reconstruction of chronology of Ancient Egypt has found out time shift at rate 1780 years in depth of centuries from true dating events. 1-16.06.2019.
Great Tartary or Slavic Empire
The next riddle of world historiography is solved. Present clause is devoted to history and modern condition of one of the most grandiose empires of terrestrial civilization – Great Tartary or Slavic Empires. 04–19.09.2017.
The European Aryans
In present clause the broad audience of the questions connected to probable Aryan origin of various European peoples is considered. Including aspects of possible an Aryan origin of Slavs and prospects of presence by these of special way to world around are considered. 25.02.2017 - 24.03.2017.
Summarizing of Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016)
Within the framework of carrying out Zemsky Sobor 2016 (Land Assembly 2016) on elections of Grand Prince of All Russia four Nominees have been put forward. The overwhelming majority of voices have been given for Nominee Grand Prince Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. Will of God and decision of participants of Assembly, Zemsky Sobor 2016 has elected lifelong Grand Prince of All Russia Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev Grand Kubensky Rurikovich. 11.05.2016.
Yaroslavl’s Princes Rurikovich
In clause is described family tree of Grand Princes of Yaroslavl and their descendants, it is the senior branch of the Kin of Russ – Rurikovich, going back to Mstislav Great Monomachos. Kin of the Grand Princes of Yaroslavl have continued by Princes Grand Kubensky – Kubarev. 22.02.2016–11.03.2016.
All truth about Saint Prince Vladimir
In clause the all truth about Saint Prince Vladimir which is ignored Orthodox and Romanov’s historians, communistic historical science and their modern adepts, fabricating myths about Russ with « good intentions » opens without denominations. The kin of Russ - Rurikovich has created Orthodoxy and the Russian statehood, Russian people began to forget about it. Glory to Russ! 07-17.07.2015.
Brief chronology of religions
The report at XXX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 25.04.2015, Moscow, RosNoU. In the clause the final Chronological Tables of Ancient Egypt, Ancient and New Rome, Rome in Italy, Christianity, Islam and Judaism are submitted. 25.04.2015.
Canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century and the present time
The report at XXIX International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20.12.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the comparative analysis of canons of Orthodoxy of XIV century (1315-1321), displayed on mosaics and frescos of Church of Chorus in Istanbul, and modern doctrines are made. Numerous differences of events of the Holy Legend and the Gospel of the past and the present are found out. 20.12.2014.
Ethnic threats to peoples of Russia
In clause political, economic, cultural and religious aspects of consequences of ethnic opposition of radical peoples of Russia and new coming Slavic population formed as result of violent Slavic expansion in Russia in days of the Mongolian yoke are considered. The historical reasons of occurrence of ethnic contradictions are investigated, estimations of modern condition of problem (Chechelevskaya and Lubotinskaya Republics in 1905, Donetsk national republic and Lugansk national republic in 2014 in territory of Ukraine) are given and offers on decrease in escalation of ethnic opposition in territory of Eurasia are made. 09.06 - 05.07.2014.
Attribution of Rurikovich and Emperors Lecapenus
The report at XXVIII International Conference on problems of the Civilization is 26.04.2014, Moscow, RosNoU. In clause it is described detailed attribution of Ugrian Tsars with Emperors of Ancient and New Rome and Patriarches of terrestrial civilization. It is scientifically proved origins of all patriarches of monotheism and Emperors Flavius and Lecapenus from kint of Ugrian Tsars of Russ (Great), is the ethnic Finn-Ugrian from Volga region. 23.03.2014 – 24.04.2014.
Putin's Eurasian impasse
Vladimir Putin and Uniform Russia realize the Eurasian project, involving Russia and Russian people during stagnation and backlogs from World Civilization. They create Gog and Magog Empire, menacing to world peace. Why the Kremlin authority has not asked Russian Slavs – they want to live in the Asian country or to be safe Europeans? 14-22.01.2014.
Projections of the God in symbols of religion
As result of studying the extensive visual material created by 3D modeling, we have proved existence of uniform source of an origin of Projections of the God, that is religious symbolic of people. The source or quantum object refers to the Chariot of the God. We believe that on the basis of our researches, it will be possible to organize training to travel on the Universe of space navigators from the most gifted people and to create spaceships with engines as the described quantum generator is Chariots of the God or the Chariot of Cube. 25–30.08.2013.
Origin and migration of Slavs
Historical and genetic routes of migrations of the Slavs, calculated with the help from ancient Byzantium, European, Chinese, Arabian, Bulgarian and Russian chronicles and annals, and also modern researches of man's DNA chromosomes. 01-21.05.2013.
Empires of cousins of Russ
The report at scientific XXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization 26-27.04.2013, Moscow, RosNoU. In article five world Empires of cousins of Russ (Great) existing in our era on open spaces of Eurasia with cyclicity of occurrence once in 300 years are described.
Hungarian Kingdom of Russ
It is continuation of research of dynastic communications of Rurikovich. Cousin of Rurik Almysh/Almos and his children Kazan/Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad, it is all ethnic Ugrian of Russ, have based at the end of IX century – beginning of X century the Hungarian kingdom of Russ, having grasped Great Moravia. 08-11.01.2013.
Reconstruction of dynastic communications of Rurikovich in IX-XI centuries
Report at anniversary scientific XXV International conference on problems of civilization at 21-22.12.2012, RosNoU, Moscow. Corrected at 03.01.2013.
Educated Christianity of Russ
Bible – the Old Testament and the New Testament has exhausted itself. Forged the Scripts and the Sacred Legend cannot serve more as a spiritual reference point for promotion of mankind forward on the river of time. It is allowable to use only spiritual – moral potential of the ancient products being product of national creativity of Jews and Catholics, instead of divine revelations. The chronology of Bible events, an ethnic accessory of patriarchs of mankind, names, geography and original languages of heroes of the Bible do not correspond to the validity. Bible miracles have the quantum nature in the basis and submit to laws of a universe. Educated Christianity of Russ restore the religious both destroyed obscurantists religious and scientific knowledge of Christianity and revolutionary role of religion in history of civilization. 26.08. – 12.10.2012.
True Empty Tomb
Nova Church of Sacred Russia and Sacred Russ, Princes of Russia congratulates mankind on presence of True Empty Tomb and restoration of the religious and historical truth. The true has triumphed forever. 20-29.05.2012.
Orthodoxy and Islam in Old Russia
The report at XXIV International scientific conference on problems of the Civilization in Russian New University on April 20-21, 2012.
Day of Church Slavonic writing. Russ Cyril and Methodius.
In this significant holiday of Day of Church Slavonic writing and remembering Equal Apostles Sacred Cyril and Methodius, Princes of Russ convincingly ask Russian Orthodox Church and the public of the orthodox countries to return to sources and correctly to name the writing, language and church books Russian, but not Slavic. Ancient Russia was the Finno-Ugric state created by Russ Christians Rurik and Igor, Cyril and Methodius, Askold and Dir, Prophetic Oleg and Sacred Olga, Sacred Vladimir and Empress Anna Macedonian.
Wars of Russ in IX-XI centuries
In article on a rich actual material it is shown, that all wars of Russ with Byzantium in 836-1043 have been connected to deduction of a throne of empire by Russian party of Constantinople headed by the Macedonian dynasty of Russ. To the author it is proved, that two centuries co-emperors of New Rome were Great Princes Rurikovich. Last Russian emperor Jaroslav Mudry known in Tsar Grad as Constantine Monomakh was. The report at scientific XXII International conference on problems of the Civilization 22-23.04.2011, Moscow, RosNoU.
Genetic distances between cousins Rurikovich
The report at scientific XXII International Conference on problems of the Civilization, on April 22-23, 2011, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. 24.04.2011.
Slavic-Mongolian invasion to Russia
Results of our research of an origin of Slavs have not simply scientific, but political value. In view of the received data it is necessary to form the weighed policy of interethnic and inter religious attitudes in Russia and the world. The modern hobby of Russian Slavs Rodoverie, the Aries origin and the contemptuous attitude to inhabitants of Central Asia, Caucasus, Mongolia, China and other regions of the world bears a system and logic mistake. Rodoverie in general it is senseless, in fact ancestors Rodoverian in Russia and Ukraine have left Central Asia and were Kirghiz, Altaian’s, Tajik’s, Pashtun’s, Uyghur’s and Juan-Juan, and completely not blond demigods. 12-18.03.2011.
Old Rome and Italic union of the Volga region
The scientific article on an extensive historical material proves that Ancient Rome has been created by Finno-Ugric tribe’s of Italic union of the Volga region (Idel, Bulgar). Italic peoples Vestini (Vesi), Marsi (Merya), Lucani (Lucane), Marrucini (Marri) and others till now live on Volga. Finno-Ugric named Latinas (Latinyanami) German peoples of the Volga region, differently Altyn-ami that means Gold literally. Fortress Alba Longo was called Altynbash, and Volga region Rome – Ulak-Urum. Southwest capital of Finno-Ugric of Idel was city Phanagoria or the Finn–Ugoria, being in antiquities capital Bosporus Empire and Great Bulgaria was. The web of lies of the western falsifiers of history how many would not be twisted, but to it all the same there comes the end. 10-21.02.2011.
We have proved fidelity Bulgarian theory of an origin of mankind. She proves to be true a natural vector of moving of people on a planet from the Volga region in all parties of Eurasia, and there from to Africa, Australia and America. All peoples and races of the world have taken place from Hindi-European, namely – from ethnic Finno-Ugric. 01-07.02.2011.
Correct DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology
Scientific article of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev on DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology is submitted to your attention. The author has created formulas with which help it is possible to define precisely time of life of the general ancestor and an epoch of formation of various languages. These formulas have received the name of Kubarev’s formula. With the help of mathematical calculations, Valeriy Kubarev has proved fidelity Barrow of Hypothesis of Maria Gimbutas and own reconstruction of a history of the world. We hope that results of research will find wide application in DNA-Genealogy and glottochronology. 04-14.01.2011.
Genealogy and genetics of Princes of Russia
The report of Grand Prince Valeriy Kubarev at XXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization 25.12.2010. Valeriy Kubarev's scientific article describes genetics of Rurikovich and Sorts of Russia. Grand Prince has scientifically defined modal haplotype of Rurik, Gedimin, Russ Aydar, Kubrat, Flavius and has theoretically described modal haplotype of Alexander Great, Jesus Christ Zlatoust, Prophet Mohammed and Genghis Khan. All these well-known people ethnically Finno-Ugrian from the Sort of Russ. 25.12.2010.
What do we celebrate on November 4? Loss of the national sovereignty...
National voting or voting of national representatives is unacceptable for elections of Tsar and Grand Duke, in fact tsar from the God, and the voice of people is not a voice Divine. Elections of Grand Duke only voting of Princes – patrimonial aristocracy of Russia are possible. 08-21.11.2010.
Turn of the Earth promptly comes nearer
This is article with the analysis of abnormal geophysical and climatic activity on a planet. 09-12.09.2010.
Baltavar – a symbol of Christianity, an Islam and Judaism
Petrarca: « When people will address to the history, his greatness come to live »
History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012
Kubarev V.V.'s report, History of Russ about 3506 BC till 2012.
Section «Civilization aspects of the Russian history and chronology».
Tenth International scientific conference «Civilization of knowledge: global crisis and an innovative choice of Russia», Moscow, April 24-25, 2009, RosNOU.
Whose fault is it?
Emperors Lekapenos(920–945) New!!!
Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
Dancing on bones (people losses of USSR in SWW)
We have found out the facts of direct falsification of human losses of military men and civil persons of the USSR within the Second World War in some millions person. Forgery is caused by activity of the propaganda machine of the USSR and false understanding of patriotism in modern Russia. By our calculations true irrevocable losses of the population of the USSR within the SWW make 7.6–8.7 million persons from among military men and the general losses with civil people 12.8–13.9 million persons. Have run away from Stalin paradise of USSR is hundred thousand (up to 1.3 million) the persons. We believe that the name of each victim of war should be taken into account and sounded publicly. 04–18.05.2019.
Territory of negative
The report at XXXVI International conference on problems of the Civilization, 20-21.04.2018, Moscow, RosNoU. As result of centuries-old struggle of the West and the East there was theological incident when the advanced countries call Russia stronghold of evil, and Russia use toga of the defender of the God and Belief, accusing other world in mortal sins. In the report attempt objectively is done to understand that occurs in the historical plan to the population and civilizations on territories of Russia and what forecast it is possible to make on the future. 20-21.04.2018.
Expansion of Rome from Volga region
The report at XXXIII International conference on problems of the Civilization, 24.12.2016, Moscow, RosNoU. In the report the extensive information on resettlement of peoples to Europe through ports of Bosporan Kingdom and Bosporus to the Mediterranean from the Volga region, Siberia and Caucasus during existence of Ancient Rome in delta of the rivers Volga and Akhtuba since VI century B.C. up to middle of VI century is submitted. 24.12.2016.
Seleucus and tribal leaders of Rome
The report at scientific XXXI International Conference on problems of the Civilization has acted on December 26, 2015, RosNoU, Moscow, Russia. In the report the hypothesis that "Macedonian" gains of IV century B.C. actually are the first wave of expansion of Ancient Rome and resettlement of peoples on South, East and West from territory of the Volga region and Caucasus is put forward and proved. 26.12.2015.
Picturesque Gospel of Church of Chora (Kariye) in Istanbul
Research of artifacts of Church of the Christ Savior in Chora (Church of Chorus, XIV century, Istanbul) has allowed restoring overlooked nuances of ancient doctrines of Byzantium Orthodoxy. The numerous facts of distortion Holy Book and Holy Legend have been found out at formation of modern Christian canons which at all are not an inviolable reality from above, and there is product of human creativity. 15.09–08.10.2014.
Images ancient Romans from Volga in artefacts
Long millennia in Idel-Rome-Memphis-Mitsraim-Itil-Saray-Batu lived from 600 000 up to one million person. Ruins of city are grandiose pantry of a history, culture and religion. Masonic scientists diligently avoid carrying out there scale excavation. In those places prospers only black selector of treasures. How long it is possible to hide to world elite of impostors true from people? 20-22.04.2010.
What to do?
Syncing the chronicles of Rome and Egypt New!!!
Based on a thorough analysis of details of military campaigns and astronomical phenomena from the chronicles of Ancient and New Rome, Ancient Egypt and Persian sources, the author confirmed the chronological shift in the history of Ancient Egypt by 1780 years in the past. The author also revealed the complot of historians to conceal the existence of Ancient Egypt in I millennium by masking the deeds of the Egyptian Pharaohs of the New Kingdom for the non-existent activity of the Kings of the Sasanian Empire. 06–29.03.2021.
The identification of the Patriarchs with historical figures New!!!
The author correctly identifies the Patriarchs of monotheistic religions with historical figures of the past based on the paradigm of a short chronology of the world and linking events to unique celestial phenomena reflected in Chronicles and Scriptural. The identification of the Patriarchs is based on the analysis of data from the genealogical trees of Jesus Christ from Lucas, Matthew, mosaics of the Church of Chora, the genealogical tree of the Prophet Muhammad and lists of the Kings of the Great Bulgaria. 21.07–27.08.2020.
We have found out and have proved that at everyone men are two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors he has only one pair pure relatives – the forefather and the foremother. All other ancestors are the listed relatives. We also have proved that each woman has two direct lines of Pure Relationship on which in each generation of ancestors it has only one pair foremothers. On the basis of research we confirm De Facto firmness of the absolute law of succession is rule Lex Salica of Pure Relationship. 05.08 – 03.09.2014.
Thus, genealogic tree of Prophet Mohammed is proved with existence of short chronology of mankind. The history of mankind is based on acts of a dynasty Russian Varyags and Kumirs into which great prophets of mankind entered: Nay (Nuh), Abraham (Ibragim), Ismail, Jacob (Jakub), Tsars Saul-David (Urgan-Kubar/Kubrat), Jesus Christ (Isa) and Prophet Mohammed. 01-02.03.2008.
To be continued...
Thoughts aloud: Religion
Thoughts aloud: Politics
Thoughts aloud: Advice
To be continued...
||Valery KUBAREV > Whose fault is it? > Emperors Lekapenos(920–945)
Kubarev V.V., Emperors Lekapenos (920–945), East European Scientific Journal (Warsaw, Poland), #1 (65), 2021 part 6. pp. 26–39. Link:
Summary: Based on a thorough analysis of the chronicles of New Rome, Ancient Russia, Great Bulgaria and Arab sources, the author has justified the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos Dynasty. The details of the biographies, names, dates of rule and family ties of dozens of Emperors, Khagans and Princes of Byzantium, Russ and Bulgar coincide with great accuracy, which makes it possible to identify all the studied personalities with real historical figures. In local chronicles, they have different or identical names, depending on the national characteristics of the nicknames of the studied persons. Keywords: Lekapenos, Macedonian Dynasty, Ugric peoples, Rurik, Djilki, Russ, Bulgar, Constantinople, New Rome, Tsargrad, Flavian.
Statement of problem: The traditional historiography of the Byzantine Empire at the end of the XIX century came under pressure from the fantasies of Armenian nationalists trying to find the historical roots of their greatness in the disputed dynasties of New Rome at the end of the I millenniums. This phenomenon was caused by the fact that many dynasties of Emperor s were without a family and tribe, when none of the existing peoples and states made claims to kinship with them. Historians still ignore the true Finno–Ugric origin of the Flavian, as well as the deep political, military and kinship relationship of the Khagans of the tribes and peoples of the Volga region and the Caucasus with all the imperial dynasties of Ancient and New Rome.
The analysis of the last of research and publications: Since the end of the XIX century, Armenian historians have been actively pushing the version of the Armenian origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos dynasty on the basis of the consonance of the Bulgarian names of cities and regions of Armenia with the names of the dynasties of New Rome. On the contrary, the author's research of recent years has proved that most of the imperial dynasties of New Rome are of Finno–Ugric origin, starting from the Flavian Emperor s of Rome.
Allocation unresolved before parts of the general problem: It is necessary to study the details of the biographies of the Princes and Khagans of Ancient Russia, Great and Danube Bulgaria, coming from the father and grandfather of Rurik, as well as his elder brother Djilki, and compare their dates of life, names and dynastic connections, with members of the families of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lekapenos dynasty.
The purpose of clause: The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed substantiation of the author's paradigm of the Finno–Ugric origin of the Macedonian Dynasty and the Lekapenos dynasty.
The basic material: In our early works [1–3], we proved that the Sabine genus Flavian belongs to the ethnic Ugric, Haplogroup N1, and originates from the Volga region. In particular, we identified the Great Khagan Kubrat with the Emperor Heraclius August Flavius, whose body was buried in a grave in Pereshchepino, and his head with a crown – in Constantinople in the Church of All Saints, later the name of the Apostles. In the direct senior male line, the family continued Bat Bayan up to Kan Karadjar (the Dark One), aka Emperor Constantine VI the Blind.
Arya–Uslan bore Karadjar two sons, the eldest of them Urus Ugyr Aydar (The Great Horseman Igor), Vol. III, p. 100 . In the same years, according to the Byzantine chronicles, Constantine VI was married to Theodote, who also gave birth to two sons, but died or disappeared in childhood. According to the author's reconstruction of history, the eldest son of the Emperor, named Leo was transported to the Dnieper (Kara) Bulgaria, where he matured, renounced Christianity and became the head of the Khaganate of Russ (819–855). The second son of the Emperor was named Basil the Macedonian and from infancy was allegedly "in captivity" in Danube Bulgaria with his uncle Khan Krum. Only in 836 Basil managed to "escape" to Thrace and settle in Byzantium. This "flight" coincides with the first mention of the Russ military attack on Propontis . According to the author, it is connected with the return of Basil to the throne of the local kingdom of Bithynia and the city of Prusa (the Throne of Russ).
Leo/Aydar founded two dynasties of Russia – the Orthodox Rurik dynasty and the Muslim Saklan dynasty of Volga Bulgaria.
Basil the Macedonian as an adult managed to regain his father's throne in 867 and established the Macedonian dynasty of Emperors of New Rome. The vicissitudes of the reign of Basil were accompanied by the attack of the ships of the Varangians of Russ the Askold and Dir , which had no other purpose than to help Basil.
As a result of these dynastic transformations in Greater Bulgaria and Byzantium, two brothers came to power, whose children and descendants were cousins, married and became co–Emperor s of the metropolis – New Rome for two hundred years.
Leo's youngest son named Rurik/Lachin (the holy falcon) had no children for a long time in his marriage to Umila, the sister of the Khazar Khagan Isaac/Izhak. As a result, he remarried to Efanda, the sister of the Prophetic Oleg/Oleg the Seer  in 869 or 870, when was born Igor the only son of Rurik. According to the author's reconstruction [1–3], the Prophetic Oleg/Oleg the Seer is the future Emperor Leo VI the Philosopher, and Efanda is one of the three daughters of Basil the Macedonian. After marrying a Roman (Urum) princess, Rurik was proclaimed co–Emperor by Constantine (869–879). Therefore, Constantine is not the son, but the nephew of Basil. Therefore, Igor Rurikovich is the great–nephew of Basil I.
The eldest son of Leo/Aydar, named Djilki/Shilki, after the death of his father in 855, headed the Khaganate of Russ and the whole of Great Bulgaria. In 882 Djilki died, passing power to his son Bat Ugyr (Igor), who ruled in 882–895, Vol. III, pp. 167–168 . Rurik tried to seize power in the state, but Almush / Almysh / Almost / Olma defeated Rurik's troops and sent him into exile in Itil with his two wives, leaving his son Igor hostage in Kiev / Bashtu. Soon Rurik died of grief in Itil. In 882 the Prophetic Oleg appeared in Kiev, who took over the upbringing and guardianship of Igor Rurikovich. The Bulgarian rulers decided to leave Oleg to rule in Kiev. After Bat Ugyr, Almush (895–925/930) ruled in United Bulgaria.
The years of the life of Almysh are 855–925/930. The people of Kiev called him Olma. The PC for the 898  describes the passage of the Ugric through Kiev/Bashtu with the further seizure of the lands of Moravia. Almush's first wife gave birth to sons Ghazan/Kazan/ Kurszan and Arbat/Arpad. The second wife of Almush was called Nushabi, she gave birth to Mikhail Yalkau, Mal and a daughter Zohra, Vol. I, p. 49 .
After the death of Basil I, the Emperor Leo/Prophetic Oleg (886–912) came to power. Leo's date of birth is listed as 886, which, in our opinion, is erroneous. According to the author's reconstruction, Leo could have been born around 840 and died at an advanced age, not at 26 years of age. On the mosaic in the Church of Hagia Sophia, he is depicted as an old man, not a young man. At an advanced age, in an illegitimate marriage from the point of view of the Church, Leo had a son – Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (905–959). Leo tried to make his son his co–ruler, but Alexander I and the elite of the Empire opposed this act. As a result in 907 Constantinople was again attacked by Russ Varangians led by the Prophetic Oleg . According to the Russian chronicles, Oleg nailed his shield to the gates of Constantinople and concluded a profitable contract with the Emperor. In fact, the Prophetic Oleg and Leo is one person who achieved the right to crown his infant son, who became Emperor in May 908. Our identification of the Prophetic Oleg as Leo the Philosopher is confirmed by the opinion of Academician Shakhmatov and the border stone discovered in Bulgaria, on which the inscription is made that Oleg is the Emperor .
After the Rus ' attack on New Rome in 907, the Varangian Guard Corps, consisting of foot soldiers and warships, appeared in Byzantium on Leo's orders. Leo / Prophetic Oleg formed a tradition when an adult ruler takes care of the heir to the throne for many years. So he did with Igor Rurikovich, who became an independent ruler of Russia only after the death of Oleg at the age of 42.
The co–ruler of Leo the Philosopher in 886–912 was Alexander I, whose independent rule lasted about a year (912–913). After that in 913 the young Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus came to power.
In parallel with the intrigues in Constantinople, complex political events developed in Russia, connected with the rule of the senior branch of the Khagan Djilki, his sons and Rurikovich, who tried to create their own state. In fact, the Rurikovich ruled only in the north in Novgorod, and in Kiev–the capital of Kara Bulgaria, the governor of the Khagan sat. The Khagans after the death of Aydar / Russ in 855 were Djilki (855–882), Bat Ugyr (882–895), Almush (895–925/930), Ghazan (925–930), and Mikhail (930–943). Only in 943–945, Igor Rurikovich was able to resolve the issue of obtaining the right to rule independently in Kiev/Bashtu with the new Khagan Muhammad (943–976). However, Igor was soon killed as a result of a conspiracy of his sons, and the first real independent sovereign of Kievan Rus’ was a woman – Saint Olga. Therefore, to talk about the existence of the state of Kievan Rus’ since the time of the Prophetic Oleg in 882 is a mistake.
During the reign of Khagan Almush, the Khagan's palace, called Olmin Dvor, appeared in Kiev/Bashtu, which was a landmark of the city until the fire of the Tatar–Mongol invasion in 1240.
Accordingly Igor Rurikovich at the beginning of the X century was listed as a Prince and a major Voivode, and not the Grand Prince of Kievan Rus’. The ruler was Almush, his elder cousin. This is evidenced by the data from the book of Ahmad ibn Fadlan , who headed the Great Embassy of Baghdad to Volga Bulgaria and Bashtu/Kiev in 921–922. The participants of the Embassy visited the Volga and the Dnieper, visited Kiev and described its customs and rulers. They met with Khagan Almush in Kiev, but were unable to convince him to immediately convert to Islam, although the elite of Great (United) Bulgaria made this choice. The book goes into many details, which we will refer to below. All these facts are confirmed by the chronicle of the Djagfar Tarikhy of Volga Bulgaria .
So, at the beginning of the X century, the head of the Varangian Guard and fleet, Roman I Lekapenos, appeared in Constantinople. In the XIX century, historians took for granted the falsification of Armenians that Romanos I Lekapenos was an Armenian from the peasants. How a farmhand from the mountains could become a commander and admiral of the Russ Varangians? In fact, the Russ Varangians were commanded by Igor Rurikovich, the nephew of Emperor Leo the Philosopher/ Prophetic Oleg. Igor was considered the prince of Novgorod and the northern lands, and also visited Kiev, where Almush ruled.
Let us explain the origin of the nickname Lekapenos. It comes not from the name of the city or locality of Lakapa, which does not exist in Anatolia, but from the Turkic patronymic of Igor – Lachini, after his father Rurik/Lachin/The Falcon. Patronymic Lachini moved to Lakapenos/Lecapenos, because the letter "h" is not in the Latin or Greek language. Therefore, the nickname has many transcriptions – Lecapenos, Lekapenes or Lakapenos.
We identified Igor and Romanos, who lived in the same time (970–945/949), as one historical person [1,2]. Igor Rurikovich was a Christian, because coins from the time of his reign have been preserved, which depict a falcon (Rurik's totem) with a cross on its head. Igor and Romanos were married twice and had several children. Igor's first wife was Prekrasa , not Olga. They were married in 903, and Elena was born first. In Constantinople, the Princess was called Theodora, the daughter of the patrician Nikita. The couple had three children–Elena, Gleb and Theophylact, possibly another daughter. It is believed that Theodora died in 922. However, we believe that Theodora was exiled by Olga, Igor's new wife, in 922. According to the Bulgarian chronicles , Olga / Uldjay Anatyshka was the wife of Hud Anatysh, but in 922 was captured by Igor after the murder of her husband. Perhaps Anatysh does the word Dane. In the same year, she gave birth to her only son Svyatoslav, whom the Bulgars called Barys. Information about Prince Barys is confirmed by the Arabic chronicle  and the Bulgarian source . In 925 an Arab doctor cured of the disease Barys /Svyatoslav, having made him promise not to accept Christianity. The same source claims that Igor's first wife hated Olga and became the wife of Mal, Igor's great–nephew. She demanded the execution of Igor in 945 or in 948/949 by means of two bent birches that tore the former Emperor in half, Vol. I, p. 86  and PC .
Historiography attributes to Romanos I only 6 children is 1daughter and 5 sons, which is wrong. In fact, he had 3 sons: Gleb/Constantine, Theophylact, and Svyatoslav/Stefan. Christopher and Basil Lekapenos was the cousin and nephew second cousin of the Emperor.
Igor/Romanos first took custody of his nephew, Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, after Leo/Oleg's death in 912. Thus, he continued the practice of guardianship of the young ruler, imposed on him by Oleg/Leo. As a result, he promoted the wedding of his daughter Helena and Constantine VII in 919. The result of the intrigue was the receipt of the Romanos/Igor received the title of co–Emperor in 920. Elena lived a long life, gave birth to the heir to the throne, Romanos II the Younger, in 922, not 938, and died in 961.
Prince Gleb was identified [1–3] with the co–Emperor Constantine (924–945). In the Russian chronicle  there is a description of his murder by his brother Svyatoslav around 945. The Bulgar Code  also confirms the existence of the Russian Bek Gali/Galib. Constantine/Gleb was married twice. In 940 he remarried to Theophano Mamas, who gave birth to a son, Romanus, in the same year. We identify  Theophano Mamas with Malusha/Malka, daughter of Mal, and Romanos with Prince Vladimir/Volodimir. At birth, baptism, and accession to the throne, the rulers of that time received several names – Russian, Bulgarian, and Greek/Latin.
Information about Theophylact (917–956) is available only in Byzantine sources . The child was castrated by his father. On February 6, 936 Theophylact was declared Patriarch of Constantinople. In 956, the Patriarch died in a fall from a horse.
The youngest son Svyatoslav / Stefan of the elderly Igor and Olga was born in 922 . From birth, he developed an ailment that could not be cured by Roman and Russian doctors. Only in the 925 did a Muslim doctor help him. After that Svyatoslav/Barys remained a Tengrism/Vedic for the rest of his life. The information of the PC  that Svyatoslav was a child in 945 is erroneous. Apparently, there we are talking about Vladimir, who was 5 years old. Svyatoslav in 924 was proclaimed co–Emperor of Romanos I Lekapenos, as was his elder brother Gleb. Svyatoslav's throne name is Stefan. In the rank of Emperor, he lived until 945, when the Lekapenoses were expelled from New Rome. Svyatoslav was a brave and skilled warrior, participated in many battles and campaigns, in particular, led the combined forces of Russia, Bulgaria and Byzantium in the 960s, when he defeated the Khazar Khaganate. Svyatoslav died on the rapids of the Dnieper in 972. He was captured by Kura Khan and beheaded for not paying several measures of honey for travel, Vol. I, page 100 . From the head of Svyatoslav Kura Khan made a bowl for baal (a drink made of honey). This cup was used for several hundred years for ritual purposes, including the accession to the throne of the next khan of Volga Bulgaria and the Golden Horde.
According to the author's reconstruction of the history [1–3], Almush (855–925 /930) is identified with the Emperor Christopher Lekapenos, reign (921–931). Christopher is not the son, and the older cousin of Romanos I Lekapenos. This fact is a priori confirmed by the information , according to which Christopher's wife was Sophia, the daughter of the patrician Nikita and the sister of Theodora, the wife of the Emperor Romanos I Lekapenos. According to the Bulgarian chronicles , the second wife of Christopher/Almush was Nushabi/Sofia, who gave birth to the co–Emperor s Mikael/Mikhail, Mal/Romanos and daughter Zohra/Maria/Irene, the future wife of the Bulgarian Tsar Peter I, Vol. I, p. 49 . The years of life, origin, regions of residence, dynastic ties and influence on the surrounding world of the historical figures in question indicate that the figures of Great (United) Bulgaria and Russ occupied imperial posts in New Rome. The reality of the historical personality of Almush and his children, as well as the princes of Russia, is also confirmed by the Arabic chronicle .
Analysis of the period of the life of Emperor Christopher Lekapenos and his many children refute the well–established false stereotype that he was the son of Romanos I Lekapenos and in a short life managed to have three children. On the contrary, according to the Bulgarian chronicles  Almush / Christopher had five children (4 sons and 1 daughter) from two wives. There are several important points that allow us to clearly identify Almush as Christopher: the marriage with sister of wife of Romanos/Igor, years of life and "early" death in 931 and the daughter Zohra/Maria/Irene marriage to Peter I. An Arab source  confirms that Almush ruled in Kiev/Bashtu, he had sons Mal and Mikhail and a younger daughter Zohra, and the eldest daughter was abducted for marriage by the Khazar Khagan Aaron II, but died without accepting this marriage. Almush's children son Mal and daughter Zohra were held captive in Khazaria until 927 then returned to Kiev/Bashtu, and the daughter married the Bulgarian Tsar Peter I. The date of death of Almush/Christopher needs to be clarified. According to Bulgar sources , he could have died in 925, but there is evidence of his death in 930, since the reign of his son Ghazan (925–930) may have been in Hungary/Avars, not in a United Bulgaria. His second son Michael began to rule in 930 and is considered Baltavar/Emperor . Therefore, the date of Christopher's death as 931 looks too high. We suggest that the date of Almush/Christopher's death is 930.
Let's move on to the children of the Emperor Christopher. The eldest son of Christopher /Almush named Arbat/Arpad was at enmity with his father, Vol. III, page 101 . He did not accept Christianity and the policy of involving the Ugrians in the affairs of Byzantium as a result he led the exodus of the Ugrians/Magyars in 895 and went to Avars, where he founded the Kingdom of Hungary [4, 12] and the Arpad dynasty.
The second son of Christopher/Almush named Ghazan/Kursan was appointed co–ruler of Hungary by his father/Accidents together with Arbat/Arpad in 925–930. It is obvious that the chronology of the first rulers of Hungary is erroneous and should be guided by the Bulgarian chronicles as the primary source . Ghazan like Arbat were not co–Emperor s of New Rome, because they had their own Kingdom, and they did not accept Christianity as a condition for obtaining the Imperial title. However, Ghazan/Kursan has the son Talib, the grandson of Almush, who became the Minister of the United Bulgaria in 960, and in the period 976–981 was considered the sole Khan, Vol. III, pp. 167–168 . Talib had no family and no children. After the death of Talib in 981, Timar Mumin, the son of Mohammed, came to power in United Bulgaria, Vol. I, p. 95 . The fate of Talib is completely intertwined with the deeds of the Minister Basil Lekapenos [2,4], known as the eunuch Basil. Historians consider him an illegitimate son of the Emperor Romanos I Lekapenosus. Basil was ruled by Byzantium in 945–985. The date of Basil's birth is 925, died around 985. Shortly after 945, after the castration of Basil, Emperor Constantine VII appointed him Parakimomen – head of the government . We consider Talib and Basil Lekapenos to be one historical person .
The third son of Christopher/Almush from the second wife, Nushabi/Sofia, was Yalkau Mikael/Mikhail, Vol. I, p. 49 [4,9]. Mikael ruled in 930–943. He died during a ritual horse race due to intoxication in 943. At full gallop, his horse stumbled Baltavar fell to his death, Vol. I, pp. 81–82 . Mikhail's reign was marked by the prosperity of a United Bulgaria. He had to die before the expulsion Lecapenus from Constantinople. Co–Emperor Michael Lekapenosus reigned in 931–945 the date of death of Magister Officiorum is "unknown". We identify Michael and Michael as one historical person .
The younger children of Christopher/Almush from the second wife Nushabi/Sofia had a daughter Zohra/Maria/Irene and son Mal/Romanos. The name Mal is most likely a nickname from the word small, junior. According to the Bulgarian chronicle and an Arab source [4, 9], Mal and Zuhra were held hostage by the Khazarian Khagan Aaron II from childhood. They managed to free themselves not earlier than the mid of 920s, when Zohra was married to Peter I, Vol. I, pp. 54–55 . According to the Byzantine chronicles, the daughter of Maria/Irene of the Emperor Christopher was also married to Peter I in 927, which indicates the identity of the personalities of the Volga–Bulgarian Princess and the Roman Princess, as well as their father.
Prince Mal is identified by us with Romanos Lekapenos, the son of the Emperor Christopher/Almush, in detail in the article . Mal/Romanos had numerous cross–links with the Rurikovich and Lekapenos. There is information about it in the Bulgarian chronicle  and the Arabic source . Romanos I Lekapenos was considered co–Emperor, but Caesar in 927–945. The dates of birth and death are unknown in Byzantine sources. According to the Russian chronicles [6,7] and the Bulgars , he was the cause of the death of Igor Rurikovich / Romanos I Lekapenos. Putting together all the information, we claim that Mal / Romanos was a participant in a conspiracy against his uncle Igor/Romanos, after losing power in Constantinople to the Lekapenos in 943–945, was also married to his former wife, Prekrasa/Theodora, and demanded a wedding with his second wife Olga, after the death of his uncle. However, the Byzantine chronicles are silent about his future fate, but Russian and Bulgarian sources claim that his family remained in honor and the children became members of the elite of Russia. His the son Dobrynya received the post of Voivode of Great Novgorod, and the daughter Malka/Malusha became the wife of Gleb/Constantine Lekapenos, who gave birth to the heir of the Rurik dynasty – Vladimir. After the murder of Gleb/Constantine Lekapenos by his brother Svyatoslav/Stephen in 945, she became the mistress or wife of her husband's murderer, and Vladimir was adopted by him.
Malka/Malusha is identified by us [1,2] with Theophano Mamas, who gave birth to a son Romanos/Vladimir in 940. After the civil war of Russ and Byzantium in 941–944 , which ended with the expulsion of the Lekapenoss by paying tribute and concluding a favorable treaty with Russ (Igor, Gleb, Svyatoslav, Mal, Malusha, Mikhail, Vladimir, etc. [6,7]), the dynasty was interrupted. Then Vladimir marries his cousin Anna Porphyrogenita and decades later received the Title co–Emperor of his cousin Constantine VIII with the throne name and godfather name Basil.
The civil war between the Lekapenoses and the Macedonian dynasty continued in 945 with internal strife within the Lekapenose clan and Russ. Sons Gleb / Constantine and Svyatoslav/Stefan will go against Father Igor/Romanos, apparently accusing him of failing to retain power in New Rome. Gleb and Svyatoslav were supported by their cousin Mal/ Romanos. As a result, Igor and his army went to the Principality of Mal three times to demand tribute, but the last time he was captured and killed. The tragedy continued with the murder of Gleb by his brother Svyatoslav. The wife of Gleb is Malusha /Feofano became the mistress or wife of Svyatoslav/Stephen and she was forced to serve as a housekeeper to her great–aunt Princess Olga. Son Vladimir was adopted by Svyatoslav after 945. We have made these conclusions as a result of analysis information from the Russian chronicles [6,7], the Bulgar chronicle  and Byzantine sources.
Princess Olga visited Constantinople several times 12 years after the civil war in 955–957. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus offered Olga to become co–Empress , but she remembering the last war wisely refused. This fact is another proof of the kinship relations of the Macedonian dynasty and Russ–Rurikovich.
The next proof was the war of Russ, Byzantium and Bulgar with the Khazar Khaganate in the 960s. According to the Bulgarian source , the war against Khazaria was organized by Basil Lekapenos, who was the Minister of Byzantium and the de facto ruler of the state with a break in 959–963. He paid several tons of gold to his cousin Svyatoslav for the organization of the army, which included the Varangians, Finno–Ugric tribes of Russ, tribes from Central Asia and Volga Bulgaria, supported by heavy cavalry and siege engines of Byzantium. The war ended with the defeat of the Khazar Khaganate.
At this time, Princess Olga organized a wedding between her grandsons Vladimir and Anna Porphyrogenita, which once again confirms the blood ties of the Macedonian dynasty and Russ. The young Emperor Romanos II and then Constantine VIII were under the tutelage and influence of the Minister Basil Lekapenos, while Vladimir/Basil II (940–1015) did not gain strength and power in Russia and in 985 overthrew Basil Lekapenos, his older cousin.
Vladimir/Basil II actively participated in the wars with the Danube Bulgarians, showed unheard–of cruelty and won several victories, putting the Bulgarians in dependence on Byzantium. For his exploits, he received the nickname of the Bulgar Slayer. Grand Prince Vladimir took part in the suppression of the revolt of part of the Byzantine elite under the leadership of Bardas Phokas and Bardas Skleros against his own rule and the rule of Constantine VIII in 988–991. In 988 he besieged Chersoneses and killed the ruler of the city with his wife [6,7], taking their daughter prisoner. In 989 Vladimir/Basil II defeated Bardas Phokas at Abydos, and then in 991 put an end to Bardas Skleros, placing him under arrest in Thrace. Under him, the guard corps of the Varangians of Russ in the number of 6000 soldiers regained strength and influence in Byzantium. According to the authors ' estimates, in the Byzantine Empire of that time, the Russian diaspora of at least 30 thousand people lived in the area of Blachernae. Thus, after the removal of the Lekapenoses from power, in the period 985–1015, the co–Emperor of New Rome again became a representative of the family of Russ – Vladimir/Basil II.
After the death of Constantine VIII in 1028, his daughters Zoe and Theodora remained in power in Byzantium. Competitors of the Macedonian dynasty tried to usurp power in the Empire. As a result Yaroslav the Wise (978–1054), at an advanced age in 1042 married the widowed Zoe Porphyrogenita, his cousin. Yaroslav received the throne name of Constantine Monomachos [1–3]. He apparently tried to make one of his son is co–Emperor. The opponents of the Macedonian dynasty conspired against the Prince. Consequently another Russ–Byzantine War in 1043 occurred . It should be noted that virtually all the wars of Russ with Byzantium are connected with the confirmation of the right of the Kings and Princes of the Ugrians of the United Bulgaria to the throne of New Rome. Byzantium claimed that the Russ Vikings lost the war, but was eventually signed another peace Treaty and the Russian Prince Vsevolod married a niece of Constantine Monomachos, whose name is not known (Anastasia, Irene, Anna or Maria, 1030–1067). In a dynastic marriage, the heir to the throne, Vladimir Monomachos (1043/1053–1125), was born, who was no longer able to take the throne of New Rome.
Let's summarize our research and put the data on the rulers of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lekapenos dynasty in the Table No. 1. The Family tree of the Flavians, the Macedonian dynasty and the Lekapenos – Rus – Rurikovich dynasty will be depicted in the Figure No. 1.
Figure No. 1.
Conclusions of our research: The origin of the Macedonian dynasty and the Lekapenos was falsified at the end of the XIX century by the efforts of Armenian nationalists with the support of British historians, who failed to correctly identify the ethnic origin of the Emperor s of New Rome. The author investigated the biographies and deeds of more than fifty historical figures of the IX–XI centuries with royal and imperial titles, the dates of birth, reign and death of which are identical in most of the defendants, which can’t be a coincidence. The information is confirmed from cross–sources – Byzantine chronicles, Russian and Bulgarian chronicles, and the Arabic description of the Great Embassy. The author's conclusions are also justified by the details of all the Russ–Byzantine wars and famous dynastic marriages of Russ and Byzantium. The author proves that the Lekapenos dynasty consists of representatives of the Russ and Rurikovich family, ethnic Ugric haplogroup N1.
Pr. Dr. Valeriy Viktorovich Kubarev. 07.12.2020–30.01.2021.
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15. Constantini Porphyrogeniti libri II. de ceremoniis aulae Byzantinae (Leipzig, 1751—1766, ed. J. J. Reiske), Vol. III. (Bonn, 1829).
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